Objectives of the project: inventorying of hardcopy climate archives from the French
Settlementsin India, stored at the French National Archives and imaging original
The French Settlements in India (Les Établissements français dans l'Inde) was a French
colony comprising geographically separate enclaves on the Indian subcontinent before
The French establishments included Pondichéry, Karikal, Yanaon on
the Coromandel Coast, Mahé on the Malabar Coast and Chandernagor in Bengal.
Regular subdaily meteorological observations started in Pondichéry in the
mid-19th century. At the end of the 19th, French pharmacists or
doctors made regular observations in the health services of the five French
settlements Pondichéry, Karikal, Mahé, Yanaon and Chandernagor.
Status in Mars 2020
An electronic inventory of the material has been developed (see joint file Inventory_Clim_FRAN_French-India-Settlement_1876-1931.xls).
Parameters available on the original sources are listed.
Imaging of original sources have been performed: 11416 images
Météo-France can provide the images but did not forecast to digitize the data